(804) 353-4928 info@us-electric.com

Home and business owners depend on electricians to repair, install, and maintain electrical systems. They always have and always will which means the electrical industry isn’t going anywhere. Couple that with the fact that you can work in a dynamic, hands-on environment and you can see why electricians love their jobs. But you already knew a lot of that which is why you’re searching for how to become an electrician in Virginia. Below, we cover everything you need to know to get started on your journey to becoming a licensed electrician.  

Let’s get right to it…

Getting started:

  • Attend an electrical school. You can take an electrical training program at community colleges and tech schools. Electrician courses require 240 hours of classroom work that takes around 12 months to complete. Furthermore, you need to complete 8,000 hours or 4 years of on-the-job training as an apprentice. After completing those, you can finally take the Virginia licensing exam. Once you pass the exam, you’re a licensed electrician. 

Electrician Training: Community College & Tech School

Skills you learn at electrical school: 

  • Wiring electrical systems
  • Reading blueprints and drafting blueprints
  • Checking electrical systems installed by others
  • Using measurement devices to gauge how much electricity is running through a circuit
  • Understanding electrical theory and how to safely work with electricity 

Going to electrical school will give you lots of solid training, and higher earnings compared to unskilled workers in the field. You also become an asset to the job market. The downside? It’s not free, so you may have to take loans. That being said, the cost of electrical school in Virginia is affordable at $4,000-$5,000/year for in-state tuition. 

Electrician School Requirements

  • GED or high school diploma
  • Transcript records indicating a completed minimum of 1 semester of algebra
  • Must be at least 18 years old

Journeyman Electrician License Requirements

Journeyman electricians repair and install electrical systems. They inspect transformers, wires, and circuit breakers as part of their job. Here are the requirements for journeyman electrician licensing. 

  • Approval to sit for the journeyman exam 
  • Pass an examination 
  • Two years of on-the-job electrician training 
  • A high school diploma or GED 
  • A two-year completed electrical program at a community college or trade school 
  • Proof of work experience and education 

Master Electrician License Requirements

Master electricians have the expertise to repair, maintain, and install complicated electrical systems. Oftentimes, they supervise apprentices and journeymen electricians. Here are the requirements to become a master electrician: 

  • Must be at least 18 years old
  • Pass the examination
  • At least one year of journeyman electrician experience
  • Ten (10) years of electrician experience (for those without journeyman license)
  • Proof of work experience

How To Choose An Electrical School

  • See to it that the program is certified by the Virginia licensing board
  • Verify that the curriculum of the school or college has an apprentice program
  • Check if the program grants financial assistance
  • Select institutions with programs that meet Virginia licensing requirements

Apprentice Programs

An apprenticeship combines one-on-one technical instructions with on-the-job training. You need this to prepare yourself for the high demands of the electrical field. 

The program pairs applicants with seasoned electricians and gives the trainee small jobs as part of the learning process. While there is some classroom work involved, the tasks focus more on the job training. 

The best thing about this is that participants are paid hourly. Their hours also typically count towards state licensing. Joining an apprentice program may be a challenge and require some persistence. The waitlists tend to be long so do some research into this aspect before signing up for a program. 

Virginia Electrician Apprenticeship Qualifications

  • Must be at least 18 years old to enroll
  • Possess a high school diploma or GED
  • Attended an interview
  • Physically capable of performing work
  • Pass a general aptitude examination
  • Taken and passed Algebra I class

On-the-job (OTJ) Experience

  • Take the required electrician training courses 
  • Be knowledgeable about Virginia safety requirements and electrical codes 
  • Performing electrical installations for commercial and residential properties
  • Replacing and repairing electrical wires in existing dwellings
  • Connect and install wires
  • Carry out all jobs under the direction and supervision of a licensed electrician

Virginia Electrician Salary

Curious about the amount of money you can earn as an electrician in Virginia? According to the data from the federal government, electricians have an average hourly wage of $24.97, and an average yearly wage of  $54,690. This is the average number for electricians in VA. That being said, you can start your own company and have the potential to make substantially more money. 

Why Is Licensing So Important?

All electrical contractors working in the state of Virginia must have licenses. Here are the top three reasons why it’s important. 

  • It guards the security of employers and clients.
  • Maintaining a current certification is required by the law in Virginia. 
  • National, local, and state codes constantly change. A certification is an assurance that electricians know these revisions. 

Common Electrician Licenses

There are 11 Types of Certifications that an electrician can carry:

  • Apprentice Electrician
  • Journeyman Electrician License: authorized to install, modify, and maintain electrical controls, systems, and apparatus
    • Class A Journeyman Electrician
    • Class B Journeyman Electrician
  • Master Electrician License: authorized to maintain, install, and repair electrical equipment, control systems, and electrical wiring. They supervise and monitor electrician apprentices and journeyman electricians
    • Class A Master Electrician
    • Class B Master Electrician
  • Electrical Contractor License
  • Residential Electrician
  • Residential Electrical Contractor
  • Residential Master Technician
  • Special Electrician
  • Unclassified Person

Electrician Training & Apprenticeship Program

Below is a list of all the electrical schools in Virginia, including all the apprenticeship opportunities in the state. 

Virginia Electrical Schools

  • Virginia Highlands Community College
    • 100 VHCC Drive
    • Abingdon, VA 24210
    • (276) 739-2400
    • (877) 207-6115
  • Mountain Empire Community College
    • 3441 Mountain Empire Road
    • Big Stone Gap, VA 24219
    • (276) 523-2400
    • Email: info@mecc.edu
  • John Tyler Community College
    • 13101 Jefferson Davis Highway
    • Chester, Virginia 23831-5316
    • (804) 706-5096
  • Dabney S. Lancaster Community College — Clifton Forge Campus
    • 1000 Dabney Drive
    • Clifton Forge, VA 24422
    • (540) 863-2800
  • Danville Community
    • 1008 South Main
    • Danville, VA
    • (800) 560-4291
  • New River Community
    • 5251 College Drive
    • Dublin, VA
    • (866) 462-6722
  • Tidewater Community College — Chesapeake Campus
    • 1428 Cedar Road
    • Chesapeake, VA 23322
    • (757) 822-1122
  • Southside Virginia Community College
    • 1300 Greensville County Circle
    • Emporia, VA 23847
    • (434) 634-9358
  • Paul D. Camp Community (PDCCC)— Franklin Campus
    • 100 North College Drive
    • Franklin, VA 23851
    • (757) 569-6700
  • Eastern Shore Community College
    • 29300 Lankford Highway
    • Melfa, VA 23410
    • (757) 789-1789
  • Lord Fairfax Community — Middletown Campus
    • 173 Skirmisher
    • Middletown, VA
    • (800) 906-LFCC
    • multiple locations)
  • Paul D. Camp Community — Smithfield Campus
    • 253 James Street
    • Smithfield, VA 23430
    • (757) 925-6340
  • Northern VA Community
    • (Multiple Locations in Northern Virginia)
    • 6699 Springfield Center Drive
    • Springfield, VA 22150
    • (703) 323-3000
  • Paul D. Camp Community — Hobbs Suffolk Campus
    • 271 Kenyon
    • Suffolk, VA
    • (757) 925-6312
  • Blue Ridge Community College
    • One College Lane
    • Weyers Cave, VA 24486
    • (540) 234-9261
    • (888) 750-2722
  • Wytheville Community College – Main Campus
    • 1000 East Main Street
    • Wytheville, VA 24382
    • (276) 223-4700
    • (800) 468-1195

Union Apprenticeship Programs in Virginia

  • JATC of Richmond Electricians
    • 11255 Air Park Road
    • Ashland, VA 23005
    • (804) 752-8266
  • Training at Tidewater Electrical
    • 828 Providence Road
    • Chesapeake, VA 23325
    • (757) 480-2812
  • JATC of Hampton Roads
    • 553 Industrial Park Drive
    • Newport News, VA 23608
    • (757) 875-1744

Independent Electrical Contractors (“IEC”) Apprenticeships in Virginia (Non-Union)

  • IEC Chesapeake
    • 8751 Freestate Drive
    • Laurel, MD 20723
    • (800) 470-3013

ABC Apprenticeships in Virginia (Non-Union)

A non-union organization called The Associated Builders and Contractors (“ABC”) also offers apprenticeships in Virginia. They have three locations:

  • Dulles, VA; phone number: (703) 968-6205
  • Richmond, VA; phone number: (804) 346-4222
  • Norfolk, VA; phone number: (757) 855-8220


How much is a journeyman license fee?

Journeyman license fees range from $75 to $200.

How much is the Virginia apprenticeship application fee?

Apprenticeship application fees in Virginia are around $25 to $50. 

What is the passing score for the journeyman electrician test? The master electrician test? What topics will the exam cover?

You need a score of at least 70% to pass both the journeyman and master license test. It’s an open-book examination, and the coverage includes but not limited to the following: 

  • General Electrical Knowledge
  • Electrical Signs and Outline Lighting
  • Electrical-Electronic Fundamentals Services
  • Grounding and Bonding
  • Conductors and Cables
  • Raceways and Boxes
  • Special Occupancies
  • Special Equipment
  • Fire Detection and Alarm Systems
  • Motors and Controls
  • Utilization Equipment
  • Lighting
  • General Low Voltage Requirements
  • Communication Systems
  • Requirements for Electrical Installations

There is also a regulatory/statutory section incorporated into the exam and its contents include:

  • Standards of Practice
  • Standards of Conduct
  • Renewal and Reinstatement
  • Definitions
  • Qualification for Licensure
  • Revocation of Licensure

How much will the test fees be?

There’s an examination fee for every license — $100 for journeyman electricians, and $125 for master electricians. 

Is my license only valid in Virginia?

Virginia has reciprocity agreements with several other states. If you’re licensed in one of the states included in that agreement, you may only need to submit a few simple forms to get approved for work in VA. 

How often do I need to renew my Electrician License in Virginia?

All electricians must complete continuing education to renew their licenses and must renew them every 2 years. The state of Virginia requires you to complete continuing education of at least 3 hours every 2 years. Only the programs offered by approved providers count.

Should I join an Electrician Union in Virginia?

Unions in Virginia require licensed electricians to pay membership dues to be able to join. These dues cost around $100 to $200 each month. It may seem a lot, but it’s worth it. Over 90% of the members are insured by employers. Unions also help negotiate more competitive salaries, as well as sick pays and pension plans for electricians. 

Am I required to have Electrician Insurance?

Electrical professionals who work in Virginia are required to have general liability insurance coverage.

How can I use my electrician license to land a job?

Government organizations, small businesses, and huge corporations offer hundreds of electrical jobs. Browse the following websites when looking for jobs and apprenticeships in Virginia: Electrical Agent, Glassdoor, Electrical Jobs Today, and CareerBuilder. 

Test Preparation Resources

Virginia Electrician License Exam

American Contractors Exam Services

VA Master Electrician – PSI Exam Online